For example, james battle avirett, who grew up on the avirett-stephens plantation in onslow county, north carolina and served as an episcopal chaplain in the confederate states army, published the old plantation: how we lived in great house and cabin before the war in 1901.
Before the war, the south’s economy had been based almost strictly on agriculture, mainly cotton, tobacco, and sugar, and all these industries suffered, especially cotton southern cotton production in 1870 was half what it was in 1860.
Plantations were an important aspect of the history of the american south, particularly the antebellum (pre-american civil war) era the mild subtropical climate, plentiful rainfall, and fertile soils of the southeastern united states allowed the flourishing of large plantations, where large numbers of workers, usually africans held captive for slave labor , were required for agricultural production. After the civil war, the plantation regained its preeminence, producing 12 million pounds of rice today descendants of the aiken family, the maybanks, still own part of the island, having sold the remainder in 1992 to the us as part of the ace basin national wildlife refuge. Factory vs plantation in the north and south: “during the first half of the 19th century, economic differences between the regions also increased by 1860 cotton was the chief crop of the south, and it represented 57 percent of all us exports.
Antebellum period summary: the antebellum period in american history is generally considered to be the period before the civil war and after the war of 1812, although some historians expand it to all the years from the adoption of the constitution in 1789 to the beginning of the civil war it was characterized by the rise of abolition and the gradual polarization of the country between abolitionists and supporters of slavery.
Slaves on large plantations also lived in a community that extended well beyond the family and in many cases beyond the single plantation or farm the slave cabins (or quarters) provided one of the few places where slaves could be more or less free from constant supervision by slave overseers.